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IVF Treatment

In vitro fertilization is the process used for fertilizing a female egg with male sperms outside the woman’s body. In this process the woman’s ovulatory cycle is completely monitored or stimulated in some cases. The ovum or ova is removed from the ovaries and mixed with man’s sperms under the ideal environment inside the test tube in laboratory to fertilize. The fertilized egg (or Zygote) is developed inside a growth medium for 2-6 days. With the intentions of resulting into pregnancy, the egg is implanted inside the same or another woman’s body.

In vitro fertilization is mainly done to overcome female infertility, which can sometime occur due to complications in fallopian tube, ovulation disorder, advance age, genetic disorders, removal or damage of fallopian tube making difficulties in resulting fertilization. In some cases IVF treatment is also performed of genetic diseases, where a donated egg is used or sometimes the woman providing the egg isn’t same as the woman who carries the pregnancy to its full terms. With egg donation and IVF, Woman can also become pregnant post menopause or past reproductive age. The procedure is mostly attempted when all other less expensive methods fail to produce the result.

IVF treatment in India

India is one of the most affordable destinations for IVF treatments. Fertility treatments have been established for more than three decades and there are more than five hundred treatment centers across India. There are strict guidelines for embryos that can be transferred and laboratory standards & procedures are well controlled. The fertility clinics in India are registered with the ISAR – the Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction, JCI accredited and ISO certified and some clinics are also part of the ESHRE PGD Consortium, which provides additional guidelines for pre-implantation genetic diagnosis.

The treatment is allowed only when there is a medical need. Sex selection is allowed when there is a risk of inheriting a genetic disorder through the genes of X-chromosomes.

India allows sperm, egg and embryo donation and use of donated sperm in non-IVF fertility treatments is strictly not allowed. Egg donors should be aged between 18 and 35 and should be healthy. All potential egg donors are tested for infection, sexually transmitted diseases and genetic conditions.

Sperm donor screening is extensive and there are several sperm banks in the country. An open policy of treatment with singles and lesbians is accepted. Women up to 55 - 60 years old can also be treated using donated eggs. India provides non-identifying information about donors but donation is anonymous. Information that could identify the donor is released only by jurisdiction decisions under exceptional circumstances.

Women can donate eggs up to six times, regardless of the number of offspring born as a result. A maximum of three embryos can be transferred but in practice usually one or two embryos are transferred in women under the age of 30. More embryos can be transferred under exceptional circumstances, usually in older women, but it is unlikely to be more than four.

India follows the regulations of the UK’s Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority, which stipulates that couples need to give consent for storage, and then embryos can be stored for 5 years, and then this can be extended to 10 years.

Sperm use after death is allowed and the samples fall under the control of the deceased legal nominee.